Effect of recombinant GM-CSF on the metabolism of cytosine arabinoside in normal and leukemic human bone marrow cells

K. Bhalla, M. Birkhofer, Z. Arlin, S. Grant, J. Lutzky, G. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human recombinant GM-CSF (rGM-CSF) is under investigation as a growth-protective agent for normal hematopoietic elements in phase I trials of myelosuppressive chemotherapy and in bone marrow transplantation. We determined the effect of rGM-CSF on the metabolism of high dose Ara-C in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) from healthy volunteers and patients with ANLL. Cells were incubated with rGM-CSF alone, Ara-C alone, or a combination of the two drugs. Treatment with rGM-CSF alone yielded approximately a twofold increment in intracellular dCTP pools in normal BMMCs but not in leukemic blasts. Exposure to rGM-CSF in conjunction with Ara-C corrected Ara-C-mediated declines in dCTP levels and decreased cytosine arabinoside triphosphate (Ara-CTP) accumulation in normal BMMCs but not in their leukemic counterparts. Furthermore, when exposure to Ara-C was preceded by treatment with rGM-CSF for 18 hr, an even greater reduction in the Ara-CTP/dCTP pool ratio was observed in normal versus leukemic elements; however, this did not significantly change Ara-C DNA incorporation in the two cell types. The differential effect of RGM-CSF on the phosphorylation of Ara-C in normal BMMCs versus leukemic blasts has potential implications for the use of a regimen consisting of rGM-CSF and high dose Ara-C in the treatment of ANLL with chemotherapy or autologous bone marrow transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)810-813
Number of pages4
JournalLeukemia
Volume2
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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