A novel neuropeptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP), which has been isolated from ovine hypothalami, shows 68% homology with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). Since VIP stimulates amylase secretion from the pancreas, we investigated the effect of PACAP and VIP on rat pancreatic exocrine secretion after intravenous injections of PACAP-27, PACAP-38, or VIP at doses of 2.5, 5 or 10 nmol/kg. Results showed: 1) Bolus injection of PACAP stimulated pancreatic amylase and protein secretions in a dose-dependent manner; and 2) Stimulation of amylase secretion with 10 nmol/kg of PACAP-27 was greater than that induced with the same dose of VIP or PACAP-38 (p<0.05).
- Exocrine pancreas
- Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience