We have employed both 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and two intracellular fluorescent pH indicator dyes to monitor the pH of the vacuole and cytoplasm of suspension-cultured soybean cells (Glycine max Merr cv Kent). For the 31P nuclear magnetic resonance studies, a flow cell was constructed that allowed perfusion of the cells in oxygenated growth medium throughout the experiment. When the perfusion medium was transiently adjusted to a pH higher than that of the ambient growth medium, a rapid elevation of vacuolar pH was observed followed by a slow (approximately 30 minute) return to near resting pH. In contrast, the concurrent pH changes in the cytoplasm were usually fourfold smaller. These data indicate that extracellular pH changes are rapidly communicated to the vacuole in soybean cells without significantly perturbing cytoplasmic pH. When elicitors were dissolved in a medium of altered pH and introduced into the cell suspension, the pH of the vacuole, as above, quickly reflected the pH of the added elicitor solution. In contrast, when the pH of either a polygalacturonic acid or Verticillium dahliae elicitor preparation was adjusted to the same pH as the ambient medium, no significant change in either vacuolar or cytoplasmic pH was observed during the 35 minute experiment. These results were confirmed in experiments with pH-sensitive fluorescent dyes. We conclude that suspension-cultured soybean cells do not respond to elicitation by significantly changing the pH of their vacuolar or cytoplasmic compartments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science