Effect of dietary cholesterol on cholesterol synthesis in breast-fed and formula-fed infants

W. W. Wong, D. L. Hachey, W. Insull, A. R. Opekun, P. D. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fractional synthesis rate (FSR) of cholesterol was measured in 6 breast-fed and 12 formula-fed infants (ages 4 to 5 months) using the 2H2O method. The breast-fed infants had higher cholesterol intakes (18.2 ± 4.0 vs. 3.4 ± 1.8 mg/kg per day, P = 0.001), plasma total cholesterol (183 ± 47 vs. 112 ± 22 mg/dl, P = 0.013), and plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL)- cholesterol (83 ± 26 vs. 48 ± 16 mg/day, P = 0.023) than the formula-fed infants (6.9 ± 2.6 vs. 2.1 ± 0.6 %/day, P < 0.001). Among all infants, there was a significant inverse relationship (P = 0.002, r = 0.66) between the FSR of cholesterol and dietary cholesterol intake. Our findings indicate that the greater cholesterol intake of the breast-fed infants was associated with elevated plasma LDL-cholesterol concentrations and that cholesterol synthesis in human infants may be efficiently regulated via HMG-CoA reductase when infants are challenged with high intakes of dietary cholesterol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1411
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume34
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • fatty acids
  • LDL-cholesterol
  • plasma cholesterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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