Effect of corticosteroid withdrawal on tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil exposure in a randomized multicenter study

F. S. Shihab, S. T. Lee, L. D. Smith, E. S. Woodle, J. D. Pirsch, A. O. Gaber, A. K. Henning, R. Reisfield, W. Fitzsimmons, J. Holman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

As corticosteroid-sparing protocols are increasingly utilized in kidney transplant recipients, it is crucial to understand potential drug interactions between tacrolimus (TAC) and the effect of corticosteroid withdrawal as well as to characterize dose adjustments of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in this setting. This prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind study included 397 patients who were randomized on posttransplant day 8 to receive either placebo (CSWD) or corticosteroid continuance (CCS). TAC trough levels at week two posttransplant were significantly greater in the CSWD group whereas TAC doses were comparable to the CCS group. This interaction was not observed in the African American subgroup. Higher serum creatinine and potassium levels were also observed in the CSWD group. MMF dose was significantly reduced in the CSWD group by the investigators because of decreased WBC counts, mostly outside of study protocol criteria, despite similar incidence of neutropenia and reported cytomegalovirus infection. Understanding TAC and MMF exposure in the context of corticosteroid-sparing protocols should allow for improved dosing of immunosuppressants and better management of posttransplant patients. In kidney transplant recipients, withdrawal of corticosteroids results in an increase in tacrolimus trough level and is associated with reduced mycophenolate mofetil dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-484
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013

Keywords

  • Corticosteroid withdrawal
  • kidney transplantation
  • mycophenolate mofetil
  • pharmacokinetics
  • tacrolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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