Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is an environmental carcinogen found in tobacco smoke. It leads to high levels of DNA adducts in the lungs of cigarette smokers contributing to genomic instability. Alterations in the mitotic spindle apparatus play a major role in the generation of genomic instability through promoting chromosome mis-segregation and aneuploidy. To date, the effect of B[a]P exposure on altering the mitotic apparatus in normal lung epithelial cells remains unknown. In our study, BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells were exposed to B[a]P and spindle dynamics were evaluated. Confocal imaging showed that B[a]P exposure significantly alters spindles misorientation, leading to chromosome mis-segregations in the form of chromosome lags and bridges. In addition, centrosome duplication and premature centriole disengagement were induced leading to misaligned and multipolar spindle formation. Comparative genomic analysis of mitotic spindle associated genes, revealed downregulation of AurA-Plk1-AurB signaling cascade by B[a]P. In addition, we analyzed the status of p53 and its downstream p21 in B[a]P-treated cells and showed a suppression of p53-p21 axis. When the extent of DNA damage associated with induced mitotic abnormalities was investigated using γ-H2AX, a significant increase and persistence in DNA damage was observed. Overall, our findings show that B[a]P potently induces mitotic abnormalities, DNA damage, and genetic instability.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology|
|Early online date||Nov 6 2017|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2018|
- Journal Article
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