Echocardiographic predictors of clinical outcome in patients with left ventricular dysfunction enrolled in the SOLVD registry and trials: Significance of left ventricular hypertrophy

Miguel A. Quiñones, Barry H. Greenberg, Helen A. Kopelen, Chris Koilpillai, Marian C. Limacher, Daniel M. Shindler, Brent J. Shelton, Debra H. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

196 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To assess the relation of left ventricular (LV) and left atrial (LA) dimensions, ejection fraction (EF) and LV mass to subsequent clinical outcome of patients with LV dysfunction enrolled in the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) Registry and Trials. Background. Data are lacking on the relation of LV mass to prognosis in patients with LV dysfunction and on the interaction of LV mass with other measurements of LV size and function as they relate to clinical outcome. Methods. A cohort of 1,172 patients enrolled in the SOLVD Trials (n = 577) and Registry (n = 595) had baseline echocardiographic measurements and follow-up for 1 year. Results. After adjusting for age, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, Trial vs. Registry and ischemic etiology, a 1-SD difference in EF was inversely associated with an increased risk of death (risk ratio, 1.62; p = 0.0008) and cardiovascular (CV) hospitalization (risk ratio, 1.59; p = 0.0001). Consequently, the other echo parameters were adjusted for EF in addition to age, NYHA functional class, Trial vs. Registry and ischemic etiology. A 1-SD difference in LV mass was associated with increased risk of death (risk ratio of 1.3, p = 0.012) and CV hospitalization (risk ratio of 1.17, p = 0.018). Similar results were observed with the LA dimension (mortality risk ratio, 1.32; p < 0.02; CV hospitalizations risk ratio, 1.18; p < 0.04). Likewise, LV mass ≥ 298 g and LA dimension ≥ 4.17 cm were associated with increased risk of death and CV hospitalization. An end-systolic dimension > 5.0 cm was associated with increased mortality only. A protective effect of EF was noted in patients with LV mass ≥298 g (those in the group with EF >35% had lower mortality) but not in the group with LV mass <298 g. Conclusions. In patients with LV dysfunction enrolled in the SOLVD Registry and Trials, increasing levels of hypertrophy are associated with adverse events. A protective effect of EF was noted in patients with LV mass ≥298 g (those in the group with EF >35% fared better) but not in the group with LV mass <298 g. These data support the development and use of drugs that can inhibit hypertrophy or alter its characteristics. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1237-1244
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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