Early recanalization rates and clinical outcomes in patients with tandem internal carotid artery/middle cerebral artery occlusion and isolated middle cerebral artery occlusion

Yo Sik Kim, Zsolt Garami, Robert Mikulik, Carlos A. Molina, Andrei V. Alexandrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Patients with isolated middle cerebral artery (MCA) and tandem MCA/internal carotid artery (ICA) obstruction have similar presenting symptoms and stroke severity. We aimed to investigate early recanalization of MCA and clinical outcomes in patients with tandem ICA/MCA obstructions and isolated MCA occlusion. Methods - Patients with MCA occlusion on pretreatment transcranial Doppler were treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. ICA lesions were detected with carotid duplex. Early neurological improvement (ENI) was defined by reduction of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥10 points or total NIHSS ≤3 points. Good outcome at 3 months was a modified Rankin score of ≤2. Results - Among 104 patients, 31% had tandem lesions and 69% had isolated MCA occlusions. Complete recanalization rate was 39% in isolated MCA occlusion group and 9% in tandem group (P=0.002). ENI at 24 hours occurred in 46% of the isolated MCA occlusion group and in 25% of the tandem group (P=0.045). Good outcome was achieved by 30% and 39% respective patients (NS). Conclusion - The tandem lesion group showed lower early recanalization rate and ENI rate than the isolated MCA occlusion group. Despite this, good outcomes were similar in both groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)869-871
Number of pages3
JournalStroke
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • Middle cerebral artery occlusion
  • Outcome
  • Stroke, acute
  • Thrombolysis
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, trnscranial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)

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