Dynamic, Time-Resolved CT Angiography After EVAR: A Quantitative Approach to Accurately Characterize Aortic Endoleak Type and Identify Inflow Vessels

Marton Berczeli, Ponraj Chinnadurai, Peter Legeza, Eric K. Peden, Charudatta S. Bavare, Su Min Chang, Alan B. Lumsden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Our purpose was to study the accuracy of dynamic computed tomography angiography (d-CTA) in characterizing endoleak type, inflow vessels as compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) using qualitative and quantitative analysis. Methods: Between March 2019 and January 2021, all patients who underwent d-CTA imaging after EVAR were retrospectively reviewed. Two blinded independent reviewers qualitatively reviewed d-CTA and DSA images. Quantitative region of interest (ROI) analysis was performed by measuring time-resolved contrast enhancement within the aorta and endoleak lesion(s) in the aneurysm sac. Differences between time-to-peak enhancement (Δ TTP) across different ROIs were quantified. Results: A total of 48 patients underwent d-CTA during the study period, of whom 24 patients had abdominal EVAR and DSA imaging for comparison. Qualitative review of DSA imaging showed type I (n=4), type II (n=16), and type III (n=2) and no endoleak (n=2). In 23 of 24 patients (95.8%), d-CTA findings correlated with DSA findings for endoleak type. One patient had a type III endoleak that was demonstrated only in d-CTA (arising from defect in polymer sealing ring of Ovation stent graft) imaging. In type II endoleak cases, d-CTA identified more inflow vessels than DSA imaging (33 vs 21 vessels, p=0.010). Quantitative analysis showed mean (±SD) Δ TTP values for type I endoleak as 1.8 (±1.8) seconds, type II as 9.6 (±3.5) seconds, and for type III endoleak as 5.6 (±1.3) seconds. Conclusion: Dynamic CTA can accurately characterize aortic endoleak type, inflow vessels as compared with DSA imaging. Quantitative parameters such as Δ TTP enhancement can help better differentiate endoleak types and provide an objective approach to endoleak diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • EVAR surveillance
  • dynamic CTA
  • endoleak
  • endoleak imaging
  • inflow vessel
  • quantitative analysis
  • target vessel
  • time to peak
  • time-attenuation curve analysis
  • time-resolved CTA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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