Background: The primary objective was to compare the accuracy of dynamic computed tomography (CT) angiography (d-CTA) with standardized triphasic contrast enhanced CT angiography (t-CTA) in diagnosing endoleak type after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as reference standard. The secondary objective was to study the impact of d-CTA on image fusion–guided endoleak embolization. Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent d-CTA imaging after EVAR between March 2019 and July 2021 was performed. Deidentified images were independently reviewed by two-two blinded readers to document endoleak type and target vessels. An impact of d-CTA–guided embolization was evaluated by a number of planning angiograms, radiation exposure, and accuracy of target vessel overlay. Results: During the study period, 52 patients underwent d-CTA and 19 had all 3 modalities available for analysis. DSA imaging confirmed 4 (21.0%) type-I, 14 (73.7%) type-II, and 1 (5.3%) type-III endoleak. Findings from d-CTA matched with DSA in 19/19 cases (100%), whereas t-CTA matched in 14/19 cases (73.7%). In type-II endoleaks, the number of target vessels identified by d-CTA, t-CTA, and DSA were 23, 17, and 16, respectively. Mean dose-length product from d-CTA and t-CTA was 1,445 ± 551 and 1,612 ± 530 mGy × cm (P = 0.26). Nine patients underwent d-CTA–guided type-II endoleak embolization, using a median of 1 (range: 1–4) planning angiogram before embolization using 21.6 (± 8.7)% of total procedural radiation dose. Target vessel overlay was accurate in 9/9 (100%) cases. Conclusions: Dynamic, time-resolved CTA is more accurate compared to standardized triphasic contrast enhanced CTA in diagnosing endoleak type after EVAR. In type-II endoleak, d-CTA better identified target vessels and enabled safe, targeted embolization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine