Purpose To review acute and late toxicities after chemoradiation for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in patients who were treated with escalated dose radiation (EDR). Methods and materials Maximum Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 acute toxicities (AT) during radiation and within 60 days after radiation were recorded for both acute gastrointestinal toxicity and overall toxicity (OT). Late toxicities were also recorded. EDR was generally delivered with daily image guidance and breath-hold techniques using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning. These were compared with patients who received standard dose radiation (SDR) delivered as 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions using 3-dimensional chemoradiation therapy planning. Results A total of 59 of 154 patients (39%) received EDR with biologically equivalent doses >70 Gy. The most frequent schedules were 63 Gy in 28 fractions (19 of 154 patients), 67.5 Gy in 15 fractions (10 of 154 patients), and 70 Gy in 28 fractions (15 of 154 patients). No grade 4 or grade 5 OT or late toxicities were reported. Rates of grade 3 acute gastrointestinal toxicity were significantly lower in patients who received EDR compared with SDR (1% vs 14%; P < .001). Similarly, rates of grade 3 OT were also lower for EDR compared with SDR (4% vs 16%; P = .004). The proportion of patients who experienced no AT was higher in the EDR group than the SDR group (36% vs 15%; P = .001). For EDR patients treated with IMRT, a lower risk of AT was associated with a later treatment year (P = .007), nonpancreatic head tumor location (P = .01), breath-hold (P = .002), 4-dimensional computed tomography (P = .003), computed tomography on rails (P = .002), and lower stomach V40 (P = .03). With a median time of 12 months (range, 1-79 months) from the start of radiation therapy to the last known follow-up in the EDR group, 51 of 59 patients (86%) had no late toxicity. Six of 59 EDR patients (10%) had either strictures or gastrointestinal bleeding that required intervention. No significant predictors of late toxicity were identified. Conclusion Overall acute and late toxicity rates were low with EDR using an IMRT technique with image guidance and respiratory gating.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging