1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Knowledge on renal involvement in kidney donors with diabetes, that is, diabetic nephropathy (DN), is limited. During the 7 years (2010-2017), 921 postperfusion biopsies were performed for living donors (14%) or deceased donors (86%). The Renal Pathology Society classification schema for DN (class 0-IV) was used. Biopsies with light microscopic changes of DN (at least class IIa) were selected for study. Eleven biopsies (1.2%) showed DN, all from deceased donors (class IIa in 8, class IIb in 2, and class III in 1 biopsy). The glomerular basement membrane thickness ranged from 439 ± 52 to 725 ± 82 nm. These biopsies also displayed arterionephrosclerosis. They were from 9 deceased donors (fulfilling clinical criteria for acceptance in all, diabetes; [>6 years] in 8, hypertension in 6, and proteinuria [1+] in all). Follow-up biopsies (5-342 weeks after transplant) showed DN of the same class (7 biopsies), probably progression (1), or progression (3). At follow-up (15-416 weeks), all recipients were alive. One graft was lost at 76 weeks because of progressive DN. The other 10 grafts were functioning, but the serum creatinine reached 2.0 to 2.7 mg/dL in 5 of them. Although diabetes is frequent in kidney donors, donor-related DN is unusual. It is observed only in deceased donors, but the risk factors for its development are not known. Donor-related DN may be stable or progress. Whether it resolves, especially for DN in early phase, remains unknown. It may adversely impact the graft outcome with a magnitude proportional to the severity of the tissue injury in the postperfusion biopsies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-144
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume85
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Kidney biopsy
  • Kidney donor
  • Kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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