Donor liver apoptosis is associated with early allograft dysfunction and decreased short-term graft survival after liver transplantation

Zebin Zhu, Yunhua Tang, Shanzhou Huang, Qiang Zhao, Paul M. Schroder, Zhiheng Zhang, Yixi Zhang, Chengjun Sun, Linhe Wang, Weiqiang Ju, Dongping Wang, Zhiyong Guo, Xiaoshun He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The clinical significance of apoptosis in assessing the quality of donor liver grafts remains unknown. Aims: This study aimed to determine whether apoptosis in a donor liver is predictive of early allograft dysfunction (EAD) and graft survival after liver transplantation (LT). Methods: Donor liver specimens were analyzed for apoptosis using TUNEL assays. The prognostic factors for EAD were identified through logistic regression analyses, and a nomogram was developed. Results: The apoptosis index of donor livers in EAD patients was significantly higher than that of donors livers in non-EAD patients (median 5.3; interquartile range [IQR] 3.4 vs 3.5; 3.6, P < 0.001). Multivariate analyses identified the apoptosis index of the donor liver (HR = 6.927, P < 0.001) and five other characteristics as independent predictors of EAD. A nomogram built on these predictive variables showed good calibration and discriminatory abilities, with a c-index value of 0.847. The 30-day graft survival rates in the high apoptosis index (apoptosis index >4.4%) group were significantly lower than those in the low apoptosis index (apoptosis index ≤4.4%) group (84.4% vs 97.6%, P = 0.004). Conclusions: Donor liver apoptosis plays a significant role in predicting EAD after LT. Furthermore, a high apoptosis index in the donor liver was associated with inferior graft survival in the short-term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13438
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • apoptosis
  • early allograft dysfunction
  • graft loss
  • graft survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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