Background: Clinical studies conducted to elucidate the systemic response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) did not differentiate possible effect of different types of cardiac surgical pathologies and operations on outcomes and have typically combined different procedures. We hypothesized that valve surgery induces more prominent systemic reaction compared to isolated on-pump CABG. Methods: Twenty-seven patients undergoing primary on-pump CABG (Group 1, n = 14) or valve surgery with or without CABG (Group 2, n = 13) were prospectively enrolled. Heparin-bonded circuits were used in all patients. Cardiotomy suction was only used in Group 2. Clinical and laboratory markers were evaluated. Results: Clinical measurements, including chest tube output, blood transfusion requirement, inotropic support requirement, and duration of ICU stay were not significantly different. Thrombin generation (PF-1.2) was significantly higher in Group 2 (p = 0.001). tPA was also significantly higher in Group 2 at 15 and 60 minutes on CPB (p < 0.01). Group 2 had significantly higher inflammatory response shown by elevation of IL6 (p = 0.005). Neuronal injury markers, S100β and NSE, were significantly higher at the termination of CPB in Group 2 (p < 0.01). At no point of time course for any marker, Group 1 had significantly higher response compared to Group 2. Conclusions: Valve surgery induced more prominent systemic response than CABG. The possible explanations include the difference in baseline disease pathophysiology, and/or difference associated with the procedures such as open systems and use of cardiotomy suction. Future clinical studies assessing systemic response to CPB and therapies to blunt these need consider and account for these observed differences.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine