Do Extended Oral Postoperative Antibiotics Prevent Early Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Morbidly Obese Patients Undergoing Primary Total Joint Arthroplasty?

Christopher N. Carender, David E. DeMik, Natalie A. Glass, Nicolas O. Noiseux, Timothy S. Brown, Nicholas A. Bedard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m2 may reduce the rate of early periprosthetic joint infection (PJI); however, existing data are limited. The purpose of this study was to examine rates of wound complications and PJI in patients with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 treated with and without extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis after surgery. Methods: We retrospectively identified all primary THA and TKA performed since 2015 in patients with a BMI ≥40 kg/m2 at a single institution. Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis for 7-14 days after surgery was prescribed at the discretion of each surgeon. Wound complications and PJI were examined at 90 days postoperatively. Results: In total, 650 cases (205 THA and 445 TKA) were analyzed. Mean age was 58 years and 62% were women. Mean BMI was 44 kg/m2. Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis was prescribed in 177 cases (27%). At 90 days, there was no difference between prophylaxis and nonprophylaxis groups in rate of wound complications (11% vs 8%; P = .41) or PJI (1.7% vs 0.6%; P = .35). The univariate analysis demonstrated increased operative time (odds ratio (OR) 1.01; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.01-1.02) and diabetes mellitus (OR 1.88; 95% CI 1.03-3.46) to be associated with increased risk of 90-day wound complications. No patient factors were associated with increased risk of PJI at 90 days postoperatively. Conclusion: Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis after primary THA and TKA did not reduce rates of wound complications or early PJI in a morbidly obese patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2716-2721
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • antibiotic
  • infection
  • morbid obesity
  • total hip arthroplasty
  • total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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