Background: Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m2 may reduce the rate of early periprosthetic joint infection (PJI); however, existing data are limited. The purpose of this study was to examine rates of wound complications and PJI in patients with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 treated with and without extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis after surgery. Methods: We retrospectively identified all primary THA and TKA performed since 2015 in patients with a BMI ≥40 kg/m2 at a single institution. Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis for 7-14 days after surgery was prescribed at the discretion of each surgeon. Wound complications and PJI were examined at 90 days postoperatively. Results: In total, 650 cases (205 THA and 445 TKA) were analyzed. Mean age was 58 years and 62% were women. Mean BMI was 44 kg/m2. Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis was prescribed in 177 cases (27%). At 90 days, there was no difference between prophylaxis and nonprophylaxis groups in rate of wound complications (11% vs 8%; P = .41) or PJI (1.7% vs 0.6%; P = .35). The univariate analysis demonstrated increased operative time (odds ratio (OR) 1.01; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.01-1.02) and diabetes mellitus (OR 1.88; 95% CI 1.03-3.46) to be associated with increased risk of 90-day wound complications. No patient factors were associated with increased risk of PJI at 90 days postoperatively. Conclusion: Extended oral antibiotic prophylaxis after primary THA and TKA did not reduce rates of wound complications or early PJI in a morbidly obese patient population.
- morbid obesity
- total hip arthroplasty
- total knee arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine