PURPOSE: Little is known about the genetic alterations characteristic of small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA). Our purpose was to identify targetable alterations and develop experimental models of this disease.Experimental Design: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was completed on 17 SBA patient samples and targeted-exome sequencing (TES) on 27 samples to confirm relevant driver mutations. Two SBA models with ERBB2 kinase activating mutations were tested for sensitivity to anti-ERBB2 agents in vivo and in vitro. Biochemical changes were measured by reverse-phase protein arrays. RESULTS: WES identified somatic mutations in 4 canonical pathways (WNT, ERBB2, STAT3, and chromatin remodeling), which were validated in the TES cohort. Although APC mutations were present in only 23% of samples, additional WNT-related alterations were seen in 12%. ERBB2 mutations and amplifications were present in 23% of samples. Patients with alterations in the ERBB2 signaling cascade (64%) demonstrated worse clinical outcomes (median survival 70.3 months vs. 109 months; log-rank HR = 2.4, P = 0.03). Two ERBB2-mutated (V842I and Y803H) cell lines were generated from SBA patient samples. Both demonstrated high sensitivity to ERBB2 inhibitor dacomitinib (IC50 < 2.5 nmol/L). In xenografts derived from these samples, treatment with dacomitinib reduced tumor growth by 39% and 59%, respectively, whereas it had no effect in an SBA wild-type ERBB2 model. CONCLUSIONS: The in vitro and in vivo models of SBA developed here provide a valuable resource for understanding targetable mutations in this disease. Our findings support clinical efforts to target activating ERBB2 mutations in patients with SBA that harbor these alterations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Jan 15 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research