Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment planning for renal cell carcinoma requires accurate delineation of tumor from normal tissue due to the radiosensitivity of normal renal cortical tissue. Tc-99m dimercapto succinic acid (DMSA) renal imaging is a functional imaging technique that precisely differentiates normal renal cortical tissue from tumor. There are no prior publications reporting using this imaging modality for SBRT treatment planning. Methods and Materials: A 59-year-old female with stage IV renal cell carcinoma progressed on systemic therapy and was dispositioned to primary cytoreduction with SBRT. She had baseline renal dysfunction and her tumor was 9 cm without clear delineation from normal tissue on conventional imaging. DMSA-single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) was used for treatment planning. Results: DMSA-SPECT/CT precisely delineated normal renal cortical tissue from tumor. Three months after treatment, labs were stable and DMSA-SPECT/CT was unchanged. The treated lesion had markedly decreased positron emission tomography avidity. Conclusions: DMSA-SPECT or SPECT/CT can be incorporated into radiation therapy planning for renal lesions to improve target delineation and better preserve renal function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging