Diversity of retinal vascular anomalies in patients with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy

Amir H. Kashani, Kevin T. Brown, Emmanuel Chang, Kimberly A. Drenser, Antonio Capone, Michael T. Trese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


Main Outcome Measures Clinical and angiographic findings.

Purpose To describe the diversity of clinical findings associated with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) using wide-field angiography and to update the current classification system.

Design Retrospective case series at a single tertiary referral vitreoretinal practice.

ParticipantsA total of 174 eyes of 87 subjects were studied.

Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients with a diagnosis of FEVR between January 2011 and January 2013 at a single tertiary care retina practice. Data were collected from patient charts, including sex, gestational age at birth, age at presentation, referring diagnosis, family history, prior ocular surgery, clinical presentation, and diagnostic imaging in each eye. Inclusion criteria included clinical diagnosis of FEVR in patients referred to our clinic for evaluation of decreased vision. Patients were excluded if a diagnosis of FEVR could not be made.

Results A total of 87 subjects met the inclusion criteria for this study. A broad spectrum of previously undescribed clinical and angiographic findings were associated with FEVR on wide-field angiography. These findings can be grossly divided into anatomic and functional changes. Anatomic changes include aberrant circumferential peripheral vessels, venous and arterial tortuosity, late-phase disc leakage, central and peripheral telangiectasias, capillary anomalies, and capillary agenesis. Functional changes include venous-venous shunting, delayed arteriovenous transit, and delayed or absent choroidal perfusion on fluorescein angiography.

Conclusions Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy has a wide range of unrecognized or under-recognized clinical and angiographic findings that are easily identified using wide-field fluorescein angiography. These novel findings have led to an update of the original FEVR classification scheme and more complete characterization of early stages of FEVR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2220-2227
Number of pages8
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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