Creation of stable hemopoietic chimerism has been considered to be a prerequisite for allograft tolerance after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In this study, we demonstrated that allogeneic BMT with bone marrow cells (BMC) prepared from either knockout mice deficient in both CD4 and CD8 T cells or CD3E-transgenic mice lacking both T cells and NK cells maintained a high degree of chimerism, but failed to induce tolerance to donor-specific wild-type skin grafts. Lymphocytes from mice reconstituted with T cell-deficient BMC proliferated when they were injected into irradiated donor strain mice, whereas lymphocytes from mice reconstituted with wild-type BMC were unresponsive to donor alloantigens. Donor-specific allograft tolerance was restored when donor-type T cells were adoptively transferred to recipient mice given T cell-deficient BMC. These results show that donor T cell engraftment is required for induction of allograft tolerance, but not for creation of continuous hemopoietic chimerism after allogeneic BMT, and that a high degree of chimerism is not necessarily associated with specific allograft tolerance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy