Digital Health and Shared Decision-Making in Diabetes Care – A Survey Initiative in Patients and Clinicians

Faiza Mubeen, Cecilia C. Low Wang, Ahmad Al Maradni, Vijay Shivaswamy, Archana R. Sadhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To assess the landscape of digital health resources in the United States, better understand the impact of the digital health on shared decision-making, and identify potential barriers and opportunities for progress in the care of persons with diabetes. Methods: The study consisted of two phases: A qualitative phase in which one-on-one interviews were conducted virtually with 34 physicians (endocrinologists {Endos}: n = 15; primary care physicians {PCPs}: n = 19) between February 11, 2021 and February 18, 2021, and a quantitative phase in which two online, email-based surveys in the English language were conducted between April 16, 2021 and May 17, 2021: one with healthcare professionals (HCP) (n = 403: n = 200 Endos and n = 203 PCPs), and one with persons with diabetes (n = 517: patients with type 1 diabetes, n = 257; patients with type 2 diabetes, n = 260). Results: Diabetes digital health tools were found to be helpful in shared decision-making, but leading barriers include cost, coverage, and lack of time by healthcare professionals. Among diabetes digital health tools, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems were used most commonly and viewed as most effective in improving quality of life and facilitating shared decision-making. Strategies for increasing use of diabetes digital health resources included lower cost, integration into electronic health records, and increased simplicity of tools. Conclusion: This study revealed that both Endos and PCPs feel that diabetes digital health tools have an overall positive impact. Integration with telemedicine and simpler, lower cost tools with increased patient access can further facilitate shared decision-making and improved diabetes care and quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)538-545
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrine Practice
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • diabetes
  • diabetes technology
  • digital health
  • shared decision-making
  • survey
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy
  • United States
  • Physicians
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Blood Glucose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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