Diffusion of DNA in nanoslits

Elizabeth A. Strychalski, Stephen L. Levy, Harold G. Craighead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We observed the free diffusion of individual 10 kbp, (1/2)λ (24.2 kbp), and A (48.5 kbp) double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules in fused-silica nanoslits with depths from 541 to 24 nm using epifluorescence video microscopy. Diffusivity, D, scaled with nanoslit depth, h, according to D ∝ hα, where a was 0.47 ± 0.05, 0.51 ± 0.06, and 0.47 ± 0.05 for 10 kbp, (1/2)λ, and λ DNA, respectively, in disagreement with the value of two-thirds predicted by blob theory. We observed no change in scaling behavior for h less than the persistence length of DNA, as predicted by reflecting rod theory. The scaling of D with DNA length, N, followed D ∝ N-1, indicating hydrodynamic screening in accordance with Rouse dynamics. Our results establish these scaling exponents for smaller h and greater DNA confinement than previous studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7716-7721
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecules
Volume41
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 28 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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