The time course of induction of rat liver microsomal cytochromes P-450a, P-450b + P-450e, P-450c, and P-450d and epoxide hydrolase has been determined in immature male rats administered a single large dose [1500 μmol (500 mg)/kg body wt] of the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture Aroclor 1254. Differential regulation of these xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes was indicated by their characteristic patterns of induction. The rate of induction of cytochrome P-450a and epoxide hydrolase was relatively slow, and steady-state levels of these enzymes were maintained from approximately Days 9 to 15 after Aroclor 1254 treatment. In contrast, cytochrome P-450c was maximally induced 2 days after Aroclor 1254 treatment and remained at a constant level through Day 15. Steady-state levels of cytochrome P-450d, beginning 1 week after Aroclor 1254 treatment, were preceded by a fairly rapid rate of induction and possibly by a small decline from maximal levels observed around Days 4 to 5. Like those of the other cytochrome P-450 isozymes and epoxide hydrolase, the levels of cytochromes P-450b + P-450e were constant from Day 9 to 15 after Aroclor 1254 treatment. However, an unexpected but reproducible decline (~25%) in total cytochrome P-450 content observed between Days 4 and 9 after Aroclor 1254 treatment principally reflected a dramatic and totally unanticipated decrease (~45%) in the level of cytochromes P-450b + P-450e. This transient decline in the level of cytochromes P-450b + P-450e was not due to an unusual effect of a mixture of polychlorinated biphenyls, since identical results were obtained with two individual congeners, namely 2,3,4,5,4′-penta- and 2,3,4,5,3′,4′-hexachlorobiphenyl, that induced the same isozymes as Aroclor 1254. In contrast, when rats were treated with 2,4,5,2′,4′,5′-hexachlorobiphenyl, which induces cytochromes P-450a and P-450b + P-450e and epoxide hydrolase but not cytochromes P-450c or P-450d, maximal levels of cytochromes P-450b + P-450e were attained on Day 4 and no decrease was observed over the next 11 days. These results suggest that there may be an interaction in the regulation of induction of certain individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology