Differential additive effects of endothelial lipase and scavenger receptor-class B type I on high-density lipoprotein metabolism in knockout mouse models

Ke Ma, Trudy Forte, James D. Otvos, Lawrence Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - Endothelial lipase (EL) is a vascular phospholipase that hydrolyzes high-density lipoprotein (HDL) as its preferred substrate. Scavenger receptor-class B type I (SR-BI) is an HDL receptor that mediates the selective uptake of cholesteryl ester. This study investigates the role of EL and SR-BI in the regulation of HDL metabolism in gene knockout mouse models. Methods and Results - We cross-bred EL-/- and SR-BI-/- mice and generated single- and double-null mice. We used biochemical, molecular biology, and nuclear magnetic resonance methods to analyze HDL concentration, composition, and structure. We found that EL and SR-BI display additive effects on HDL with evident gene dosage effects, but their mechanisms to regulate HDL concentration and composition are different. Whereas the elevated HDL cholesterol level in EL-/- mice is associated with increased phospholipid content in HDL particles, SR-BI-/- mice display markedly enlarged HDL particles shifted to larger subclasses with a phospholipid content similar to that of wild-type mice. Furthermore, absence of EL is associated with a 40% to 50% inhibition and absence of SR-BI, a ≈90% inhibition of endogenous lecithin cholesterol:acyltransferase rate. Conclusions - EL and SR-BI are major genetic determinants of HDL metabolism in vivo, each exercising independent and additive effects on HDL structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Endothelial lipase
  • High-density lipoprotein
  • Scavenger receptor-class B type I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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