Differences in the aggressiveness of prostate cancer among Korean, Caucasian, and African American men: A retrospective cohort study of radical prostatectomy

In Gab Jeong, Daoud Dajani, Mohan Verghese, Jonathan Hwang, Yong Mee Cho, Jun Hyuk Hong, Choung Soo Kim, Hanjong Ahn, Jae Y. Ro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to compare the pathologic aggressiveness of clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa) treated by radical prostatectomy in Korean and Western (Caucasian and African American [AA]) men by analyzing data from representative hospitals in the capitals of Korea (Seoul) and the United States (Washington, DC). Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 1,939 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy for clinically localized PCa in the Asan Medical Center and Washington Hospital Center. After adjusting for confounding clinical variables, we used multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess differences in the aggressiveness of PCa. Results: We analyzed 1,152 Korean, 473 Caucasian, and 314 AA patients. There were significant differences between Korean and Western patients in terms of age at surgery, preoperative levels of prostate-specific antigen, and clinical stage (P<0.001). Overall, high-grade PCa (Gleason score≥8) was more common in Korean (19.4%) than in AA (6.1%) or Caucasian (5.5%) patients (P<0.001). The incidence of advanced-stage PCa (pT3 or higher) was higher in Korean (34.8%) than in AA (18.2%) or Caucasian (13.3%) patients (P<0.001). After adjusting for age, prostate-specific antigen, prostate volume, and clinical stage, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Korean men had a high risk of high-grade PCa (Korean vs. Caucasian, odds ratio [OR] = 3.48, P<0.001; Korean vs. AA, OR=3.14, P<0.001) or advanced-stage PCa (Korean vs. Caucasian, OR=2.40, P<0.001; Korean vs. AA, OR = 1.59, P = 0.009) than Western men. Conclusions: There are differences in PCa aggressiveness between Korean and Western men. The incidence of high-grade or advanced-stage PCa is higher in Korean men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3.e9-3.e14
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Neoplasm grading
  • Neoplasm staging
  • Prostatic neoplasm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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