Differences in responses of platelets to fluid shear stress in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD)

Vijay Nambi, Kay T. Kimball, Paul F. Bray, Angela L. Bergeron, Shawna L. Johnson, Joel D. Morrisett, Changyi Chen, Peter H. Lin, Alan B. Lumsden, Christie M. Ballantyne, Jing Fei Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Information on differences in platelet function between patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is limited. We sought to examine the differences in the platelets response to shear stress in patients with PAD compared to those with CAD. Men with symptomatic PAD (ankle brachial index [ABI] 0.9; n = 29) were compared with similarly aged men with CAD (post coronary artery bypass grafting; n = 40) but without PAD. All participants were on aspirin, and none were on clopidogrel. We measured changes in shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA) and shear-induced P-selectin expression (SIPE) under fluid shear rates of 5000 and 10,000 s-1which are typically found in arterioles and stenosed arteries, respectively. Aggregation was also induced by a combined stimulation of collagen, fluid shear stress, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or epinephrine using a platelet function analyzer (PFA-100) as well as optical aggregometry (arachidonic acid, collagen and epinephrine). Analyses of covariance adjusted for age, aspirin dose, and statin use were used to estimate differences between the groups. Values of SIPA at fluid shear rates of 5000 and 10,000 s-1 were significantly higher in the PAD group, while there were no differences between the PAD and CAD groups in SIPE at both fluid shear rates. However, baseline shear-induced P-selectin expression was higher in patients with PAD than CAD (mean fluorescence intensity [MFI] = 2.93 1.37 vs.1.94 0.67; p = 0.01), while the percentage increases in SIPA and SIPE at fluid shear rates of 5000 and 10,000 s-1 were significantly higher in patients with CAD when compared to PAD (p 0.001 for all comparisons). Although there were several similarities in platelet function between men with PAD and men with CAD, significant differences in platelet responses to shear stress were observed in men with PAD when compared to those with CAD. Although the mechanism for these observed differences are not clear, we hypothesize that in vivo platelet activation in PAD patients may contribute to the differences and will need to be further investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalPlatelets
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

Keywords

  • CAD
  • PAD
  • Platelet function
  • Shear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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