Dietary patterns are linked to cardiovascular risk factors but not to inflammatory markers in Alaska Eskimos

Sigal Eilat-Adar, Mihriye Mete, Elizabeth D. Nobmann, Jiaqiong Xu, Richard R. Fabsitz, Sven O.E. Ebbesson, Barbara V. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the tradition of a diet high in fish oils and abundant physical activity, coronary artery disease is increasing among Alaska Eskimos. Explanations for this observation include lifestyle changes. In this cross-sectional analysis, we evaluated dietary patterns of Alaska Eskimos and investigated the relations between these dietary patterns and known cardiovascular risk factors, including inflammatory markers. We used a principal component analysis with data from FFQ collected in 2000-2004 to determine dietary patterns of Alaska Eskimos. Four dietary patterns were identified: a traditional pattern, plus 3 patterns based on purchased food, one of which reflected healthy food choices. The traditional dietary pattern was associated with lower triglycerides (P < 0.001) and blood pressure (P = 0.04) and slightly higher LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) (P = 0.05). Whereas the healthy purchased diet was associated with a trend toward lower LDL-C (P = 0.09), the beverages and sweets diet was positively associated with LDL-C (P = 0.02). Diet pattern was not associated with inflammatory markers or pathogen burden. Our data show that the traditional diet is related to a better profile of cardiovascular disease risk factors and should be encouraged. Programs are needed to encourage the availability of healthy food choices for those not able to obtain traditional foods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2322-2328
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume139
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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