Dietary patterns and their association with cardiovascular risk factors in a population undergoing lifestyle changes: The Strong Heart Study

S. Eilat-Adar, M. Mete, A. Fretts, R. R. Fabsitz, V. Handeland, E. T. Lee, C. Loria, J. Xu, J. Yeh, B. V. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are disproportionately high in American Indians (AI), and changes in lifestyle may be responsible. It is not known whether diverse dietary patterns exist in this population and whether the patterns are associated with CVD risk factors. This article describes the relationships between dietary patterns and CVD risk factors in this high-risk population. Methods and results: Nutrition data were collected via food frequency questionnaire from 3438 Strong Heart Study (SHS) participants, ≥ age 15y. All participants were members of 94 extended families. The final sample consisted of 3172 men and women. Diet patterns were ascertained using factor analysis with the principal component factoring method. We derived four predominant dietary patterns: Western, traditional AI/Mexican, healthy, and unhealthy. Participants following the Western pattern had higher LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) (p<0.001), slightly higher systolic blood pressure (BP) (p<0.001), lower HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) (p<0.001), and slightly lower homeostasis model assessment estimates of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in the lowest vs. highest deciles of adherence to this pattern (p<0.001). The traditional diet was associated with higher HDL-C (p<0.001), but higher body mass index (BMI) (p<0.001) and HOMA-IR (p<0.001). Followers of the healthy pattern had lower systolic BP, LDL-C, BMI, and HOMA-IR in increasing deciles (p<0.001). The unhealthy pattern was associated with higher LDL-C. Conclusions: Dietary patterns reflect the changing lifestyle of AI and several of the patterns are associated with CVD risk factors. Evolving methods of food preparation have made the traditional pattern less healthy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-535
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Dietary patterns
  • Lifestyle
  • Strong Heart Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dietary patterns and their association with cardiovascular risk factors in a population undergoing lifestyle changes: The Strong Heart Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this