Dietary fat intake and risk of coronary heart disease: The Strong Heart Study

Jiaqiong Xu, Sigal Eilat-Adar, Catherine Loria, Uri Goldbourt, Barbara V. Howard, Richard R. Fabsitz, Ellie M. Zephier, Claudia Mattil, Elisa T. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The results of previous studies on the association between dietary fat intake and coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence are inconsistent. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between dietary fat intake and CHD incidence in American Indians in the Strong Heart Study. Design: A total of 2938 participants aged 47-79 y and free of CHD at the second examination (1993-1995) were examined and followed for CHD, nonfatal CHD, and fatal CHD events to 31 December 2002. Dietary intake was assessed by using a 24-h diet recall and was calculated as percentages of energy. Results: Participants were followed for a mean (±SD) of 7.2 ± 2.3 y. During follow-up, 436 incident CHD cases (298 nonfatal CHD and 138 fatal CHD events) were ascertained. Participants aged 47-59 y in the highest quartile of intake of total fat, saturated fatty acids, or monounsaturated fatty acids had higher CHD mortality than did those in the lowest quartile [hazard ratio (95% CI): 3.57 (1.21, 10.49), 5.17 (1.64, 16.36), and 3.43 (1.17, 10.04), respectively] after confounders were controlled for. These associations were not observed for those aged 60-79 y. Conclusions: Total fat, saturated fatty acid, and monounsaturated fatty acid intake were strong predictors of CHD mortality in American Indians aged 47-59 y, independent of other established CHD risk factors. It may be prudent for American Indians to reduce their fat intake early in life to reduce the risk of dying from CHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-902
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

Keywords

  • American Indians
  • Cholesterol
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Dietary fat intake
  • Fatty acids
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

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