Diagnostic Value of 3-Dimensional Vena Contracta Area for the Quantification of Residual Mitral Regurgitation After MitraClip Procedure

Eleonora Avenatti, G. Burkhard Mackensen, Kinan Carlos El-Tallawi, Mark Reisman, Lara Gruye, Colin M. Barker, Stephen H. Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Objectives: The authors sought to define the feasibility and performance of 3-dimensional (3D) vena contracta area (VCA) measurement in evaluating total residual mitral regurgitation (MR) following percutaneous edge-to-edge clip (E-EC) mitral valve repair. Background: Residual MR severity after percutaneous repair is not only a determinant of procedural success, but also a major prognostic factor. To date, no single echocardiographic method has been recommended for post-procedural MR quantification, with the evaluation currently relying on a complex, multiparametric appraisal. Method: The authors performed a retrospective study of patients undergoing the E-EC procedure, for which baseline and post-repair 3D color Doppler transesophageal echocardiogram datasets were available. Total VCA was recorded as the sum of individual VCAs (if more than 1) and compared with an expert multiparametric appraisal of MR severity as the reference standard. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis was performed. Results: 155 patient studies were available for review. Total VCA correlated with hemodynamic parameters and was significantly reduced after E-EC. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis demonstrated a VCA threshold of 0.27 cm 2 for identification of ≥moderate MR, with good diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve 0.81) and a negative predictive value of 92%. Smaller VCA was associated with clinical New York Heart Association functional class improvement at 30-day follow-up. Conclusions: Measurement of VCA is feasible using 3D color Doppler transesophageal echocardiography and provides reliable quantification of MR following E-EC transcatheter mitral valve repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-591
Number of pages10
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 25 2019


  • 3D echocardiography
  • intraprocedural echocardiography
  • mitral regurgitation
  • transcatheter mitral repair
  • vena contracta area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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