Two instances of simultaneous diagnosis of prostate cancer and ureterocele were recently identified. In one patient an ectopic ureterocele in a duplex system with an obstructed upper pole was unroofed at the time of radical prostatectomy. Surgical excision of the ureterocele wall provided decompression of the obstructed system. In a second patient, bilateral intravesical ureteroceles associated with normal renal units were left untreated. Complications were not associated with the untreated ureteroceles. On rare occasions a ureterocele may be discovered incidentally during the evaluation of patients with prostate cancer. When radical prostatectomy is planned, treatment of the ureteroceles should be determined by the ureterocele's size, anatomic configuration, and location and by the degree of obstruction of the affected renal unit. Surgical excision of the ureterocele at the time of radical prostatectomy may be the best approach for patients requiring treatment.
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