Diabetes in pregnancy and risk of near-miss, maternal mortality and foetal outcomes in the USA: a retrospective cross-sectional analysis

Gabriella Tavera, Deepa Dongarwar, Jason L. Salemi, Oyinkansola Akindela, Itohan Osazuwa, Eyerusalem B. Akpan, Ugonna Okolie, Marilynn Johnson, Kiara K. Spooner, Ubong I. Akpan, Korede K. Yusuf, Chidinma Chukwudum, Hamisu M. Salihu, Omonike A. Olaleye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes in pregnant women has increased in the USA over recent decades. The primary aim of this study was to assess the association between diabetes in pregnancy and maternal near-miss incident, maternal mortality and selected adverse foetal outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis among pregnancy-related hospitalizations in USA between 2002 and 2014. We examined the association between DM and GDM as exposures and maternal in-hospital mortality, maternal cardiac arrest, early onset of delivery, poor foetal growth and stillbirth as the outcome variables. RESULTS: Among the 57.3 million pregnant women in the study population, the prevalence of GDM and DM was 5.4 and 1.3%, respectively. We found that pregnant women with DM were three times more likely to experience cardiac arrest (OR = 3.21; 95% CI = 2.57-4.01) and in-hospital maternal death (OR = 3.05; 95% CI = 2.45-3.79), as compared to those without DM. Among pregnant women with GDM and DM, the risk for early onset of delivery was higher, compared to women without GDM or DM. CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of diabetes prior to pregnancy contributes significantly to the risk of maternal cardiac arrest, maternal mortality and adverse foetal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-557
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of public health (Oxford, England)
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2022

Keywords

  • HCUP
  • NIS
  • diabetes mellitus
  • gestational diabetes
  • morbidity
  • mortality
  • near-miss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetes in pregnancy and risk of near-miss, maternal mortality and foetal outcomes in the USA: a retrospective cross-sectional analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this