Development of hybrid integrated endoscope-holder system for endoscopic microneurosurgery

Akio Morita, Yoshikazu Okada, Masahiko Kitano, Tomokatsu Hori, Mamoru Taneda, Takaaki Kirino, Charles Y. Liu, Paolo Cappabianca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic techniques in the field of neurosurgery are under development. To perform sophisticated bimanual procedures in the delicate surgical fields of neurosurgery, rigid endoscope fixation devices with accurate locking and a safe releasing system are required. Here, we report the development of a new hybrid integrated endoscope-holder system. INSTRUMENTATION: The basic concepts of the holding device were as follows: 1) it should combine both video system and holding device; 2) it should have easy maneuverability and accurate fixation and be equipped with a safe releasing mechanism; and 3) it should be able to be used universally either in a primary or an assisting endoscopic procedure. A negatively actuated air-locking system and a bayonet-shaped endoscope were newly developed. Clinical trials of 25 patients were performed, and each prototype was tested and modified until the functional requirements were fulfilled. The final version was tested for accuracy and security in fixation and releasing mechanism. RESULTS: Eight problems were encountered in the clinical trials and improved. Accuracy in fixation of the final version was superior to the most advanced endoscope-holder on the market. No dangerous events were observed during repetitive insertion, fixation, and release in the simulated deep surgical field in the cadaveric skull. No apparent complications were noted in the clinical application. CONCLUSION: We have developed a highly reliable, accurately fixabte, and easily maneuverable hybrid endoscope-holder system. To achieve a safer, more accurate, and less invasive surgery in the current socioeconomic demands, commercial manufacturers and surgeons in multiple centers need to combine their efforts to create useful techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)926-932
Number of pages7
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2004


  • Bimanual surgery
  • Endoscope
  • Holding device
  • Microsurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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