Two human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are available and can prevent 98% of HPV 16 and 18 infections. This study aimed to explore determinants of 1) HPV vaccine awareness among a cohort of low-income women participating in a cancer prevention program in Central Texas and compare them to United States residents; 2) determinants of healthcare providers' discussion of HPV vaccine among female residents of the United States. Bivariate and multivariable analysis of HPV vaccine awareness using survey data (n = 359) collected between 2014 and 2016 in Central Texas, and the Health Information and Nutrition Survey (HINTS) data which is a nationally representative dataset (unweighted n = 1214) collected in 2013 were conducted. Bivariate and multivariable regression analyses of healthcare providers' discussion of the HPV vaccine using the HINTS survey data were also conducted. Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, there was a decreased likelihood of HPV vaccine awareness among non-Hispanic Blacks (OR = 0.50; 95% CI = 0.28–0.90) and Hispanics (OR = 0.55; 95% CI = 0.30–0.99) in the grant funded program, as well as non-Hispanic Blacks (OR = 0.28; 95% CI = 0.14–0.58) and Hispanics (OR = 0.22; 95% CI = 0.12–0.41) in the HINTS data. There was also a decreased likelihood of healthcare providers discussing the HPV vaccine with respondents who were 35–49 years (OR = 0.50; 95% CI = 0.30–0.84), 50–64 years (OR = 0.26; 95% CI = 0.14–0.49) or ≥ 65 years compared to those who were 18–34 years among the HINTS data respondents. Interventions to increase HPV awareness among non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics, as well as encourage healthcare providers' discussion of the HPV vaccination during patient encounters regardless of the patient's age are needed.
- Human papillomavirus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health