Determinants of HPV vaccine awareness and healthcare providers' discussion of HPV vaccine among females

Chinedum O. Ojinnaka, David A. McClellan, Cynthia Weston, Katie Pekarek, Janet W. Helduser, Jane N. Bolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Two human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are available and can prevent 98% of HPV 16 and 18 infections. This study aimed to explore determinants of 1) HPV vaccine awareness among a cohort of low-income women participating in a cancer prevention program in Central Texas and compare them to United States residents; 2) determinants of healthcare providers' discussion of HPV vaccine among female residents of the United States. Bivariate and multivariable analysis of HPV vaccine awareness using survey data (n = 359) collected between 2014 and 2016 in Central Texas, and the Health Information and Nutrition Survey (HINTS) data which is a nationally representative dataset (unweighted n = 1214) collected in 2013 were conducted. Bivariate and multivariable regression analyses of healthcare providers' discussion of the HPV vaccine using the HINTS survey data were also conducted. Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, there was a decreased likelihood of HPV vaccine awareness among non-Hispanic Blacks (OR = 0.50; 95% CI = 0.28–0.90) and Hispanics (OR = 0.55; 95% CI = 0.30–0.99) in the grant funded program, as well as non-Hispanic Blacks (OR = 0.28; 95% CI = 0.14–0.58) and Hispanics (OR = 0.22; 95% CI = 0.12–0.41) in the HINTS data. There was also a decreased likelihood of healthcare providers discussing the HPV vaccine with respondents who were 35–49 years (OR = 0.50; 95% CI = 0.30–0.84), 50–64 years (OR = 0.26; 95% CI = 0.14–0.49) or ≥ 65 years compared to those who were 18–34 years among the HINTS data respondents. Interventions to increase HPV awareness among non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics, as well as encourage healthcare providers' discussion of the HPV vaccination during patient encounters regardless of the patient's age are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-262
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017


  • Awareness
  • Disparities
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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