Background. For most patients with kidney failure, living donor kidney transplant (LDKT) is their best treatment option. Compared with White people, Black people are more likely to have kidney failure but less likely to receive LDKTs. In this study, the investigators will test an educational intervention, Destination Transplant, designed to reduce this disparity, among Black people already listed for kidney transplant. Methods. The investigators will conduct a parallel group, 2-arm randomized clinical trial among 500 Black kidney transplant candidates. The main objective of this study is to test an educational and behavioral intervention that is designed to increase receipt of LDKT among transplant candidates (persons active on the deceased donor kidney transplant waiting list) who are Black. Candidates on the kidney transplant waiting list will be randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: (1) a control group that will receive Usual Care, or (2) an Intervention group that will receive Destination Transplant, a 9-month intervention that includes an in-person group-based education session, postcards at monthly intervals, and a follow-up phone call from a transplant educator. At baseline and during 18 months of follow-up, demographic and clinical variables will be collected, as well as variables such as transplant derailers (factors that might be sources of delay, difficulty, or challenge to pursuing transplant), transplant knowledge, and health literacy, small steps taken to pursue LDKT, readiness for LDKT, decisional balance and self-efficacy LDKT, decisional conflict, family support, availability of potential living donors, and general health status. Conclusions. This educational intervention aims to increase both readiness to pursue LDKT and actual receipt of LDKTs among Black and African American patients who are already on the kidney transplant waiting list. The aim of the intervention is to reduce racial disparities in access to LDKT.
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