Design, Synthesis, and Surface Modification of Materials Based on Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides for Biomedical Applications

Shuang Zhu, Linji Gong, Jiani Xie, Zhanjun Gu, Yuliang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the rapid development of nanotechnology, the emerging transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have become one of the most promising inorganic nanomaterials for medical applications due to their distinctive structures and properties. TMDCs with different sizes and morphologies exhibit unique structural advantages, as well as versatile properties. However, concerning their practicability for biomedical applications, routes toward their synthesis and chemical/physical functionalization for biosystem applications must be identified. Herein, recent advances in the design, synthesis, and surface modification of TMDC-based nanomaterials specific for biomedical applications are reviewed. First, the basic consideration regarding how to fabricate biocompatible TMDCs efficiently for biomedical use is discussed. Solution-based synthesis methods for 2D TMDCs, as well as TMDC-based nanocomposites are then summarized. In addition, general strategies applied for surface functionalization of TMDCs are also discussed. Finally, current challenges and future perspectives for these promising materials in biosystem applications are outlined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1700220
JournalSmall Methods
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2017

Keywords

  • biomedical applications
  • functionalization
  • nanomaterial design
  • synthesis
  • transition-metal dichalcogenides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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