Depressive symptomatology in persons with spinal cord injury who reside in the community

Marcus J. Fuhrer, Diana H. Rintala, Karen A. Hart, Rebecca R. Clearman, Mary Ellen Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

169 Scopus citations

Abstract

Depressive symptomatology was studied in a community-based sample of 100 men and 40 women with spinal cord injury. The mean for the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale was higher than that reported previously for the general population, and the mean for women was higher than that for men. Findings from the Mobility dimension of the Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART) suggested that differences between men and women in degree of mobility within home and community partly mediate the gender difference in depressive symptomatology. Other CHART dimensions, Social Intergration and Occupation, were inversely related with depression scores, although these dimensions did not differentiate men and women. A statistically significant relationship was not obtained between depression and disability, assessed by a self-report version of the Functional Independence Measure, or between depression and impairment, reflected by the ASIA Total Motor Index Score. Depression was not related with the presence of either pressure ulcers or presumptive evidence of urinary tract infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-260
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume74
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Disability
  • Handicap
  • Impairment
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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