Delivery of germinal granules and localized RNAs via the messenger transport organizer pathway to the vegetal cortex of Xenopus oocytes occurs through directional expansion of the mitochondrial cloud

Katarzyna Wilk, Szczepan Bilinski, Matthew T. Dougherty, Malgorzata Kloc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

During Xenopus oogenesis, the message transport organizer (METRO) pathway delivers germinal granules and localised RNAs to the vegetal cortex of the oocyte via the mitochondrial cloud (Balbiani body). According to the traditional model, the mitochondrial cloud is thought to break up at the onset of vitellogenesis and the germinal granules and METRO-localized RNAs are transported within the mitochondrial cloud fragments to the vegetal cortex of the oocyte. We used light and electron microscopy in situ hybridization and three-dimensional reconstruction to show that germinal granules and METRO-localized RNAs are delivered to the oocyte cortex before the onset of mitochondrial cloud fragmentation and that the delivery involves accumulation of localized RNAs and aggregation of germinal granules at the vegetal tip of the mitochondrial cloud and subsequent internal expansion of the mitochondrial cloud between its animal (nuclear) and vegetal tips, which drives the germinal granules and METRO-localized RNAs toward the vegetal cortex. Thus the fragmentation of the cloud that occurs later in oogenesis is irrelevant to the movement of METRO-localized RNAs and germinal granules. On the basis of these findings, we propose here a revised model of germinal granule and localized RNAs delivery to the oocyte vegetal cortex via the METRO pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Biology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Balbiani body
  • Germinal granules
  • Localized RNA
  • METRO pathway
  • Mitochondrial cloud

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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