Deletion of the c‐Ha‐ras‐1 Allele in Human Skin Cancers

Honnavara N. Ananthaswamy, Lee A. Applegate, Leonard Harry Goldberg, Elise S. Bales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that c-Ha-ras-1 and other genes located on the short arm of chromosome 11 are frequently lost in a number of human tumors. We investigated whether similar losses of the c-Ha-ras-1 allele occurred in human squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and basal cell carcinomas (BCCs). DNAs were isolated from 35 pairs of skin tumors (25 BCCs and 10 SCCs) and matching normal skin from the same patients and analyzed for c-Ha-ras-gene polymorphism by Southern blot hybridization. Sixteen BCC patients and 1 SCC patient were constitutionally heterozygous for the c-Ha-ras gene in their normal skin DNA. Of these 17 patients, five patients (four with BCC and one with SCC) (29%) showed loss of one of the c-Ha-ras alleles in their tumor DNA. One of the constitutionally heterozygous BCC patients exhibited deletion of the 6.6-kb c-Ha-ras allele and an extra copy of the 7.8-kb allele. In summary, loss of heterozygosity at the c-Ha-ras locus occurred frequently (29%) in the 17 human skin cancers studied. However, our finding that 90% of the patients with SCC, as opposed to 36% of the patients with BCC, had only one of the c-Ha-ras alleles in their normal skin tissue requires further study. Whether c-Ha-ras homozygosity has any bearing on genetic susceptibility to SCC remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-301
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

Keywords

  • carcinogenesis
  • Oncogene
  • polymorphism
  • sunlight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Biology

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