Delayed FDG PET Provides Superior Glioblastoma Conspicuity Compared to Conventional Image Timing

Jason Michael Johnson, Melissa M. Chen, Eric M. Rohren, Sujit Prabhu, Beth Chasen, Osama Mawlawi, Ho Ling Liu, Maria Kristine Gule-Monroe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Glioblastomas are malignant, often incurable brain tumors. Reliable discrimination between recurrent disease and treatment changes is a significant challenge. Prior work has suggested glioblastoma FDG PET conspicuity is improved at delayed time points vs. conventional imaging times. This study aimed to determine the ideal FDG imaging time point in a population of untreated glioblastomas in preparation for future trials involving the non-invasive assessment of true progression vs. pseudoprogression in glioblastoma. Methods: Sixteen pre-treatment adults with suspected glioblastoma received FDG PET at 1, 5, and 8 h post-FDG injection within the 3 days prior to surgery. Maximum standard uptake values were measured at each timepoint for the central enhancing component of the lesion and the contralateral normal-appearing brain. Results: Sixteen patients (nine male) had pathology confirmed IDH-wildtype, glioblastoma. Our results revealed statistically significant improvements in the maximum standardized uptake values and subjective conspicuity of glioblastomas at later time points compared to the conventional (1 h time point). The tumor to background ratio at 1, 5, and 8 h was 1.4 ± 0.4, 1.8 ± 0.5, and 2.1 ± 0.6, respectively. This was statistically significant for the 5 h time point over the 1 h time point (p > 0.001), the 8 h time point over the 1 h time point (p = 0.026), and the 8 h time point over the 5 h time point (p = 0.036). Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that delayed imaging time point provides superior conspicuity of glioblastoma compared to conventional imaging. Further research based on these results may translate into improvements in the determination of true progression from pseudoprogression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number740280
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2021

Keywords

  • FDG (18F-fluorodeoxyglucose)-PET/CT
  • PET CT scan
  • brain tumor
  • delayed imaging
  • glioblastoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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