Objective: To study the role of β1 integrins in left ventricular (LV) remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). Methods and results: LV structural and functional alterations were determined in wild-type (WT) and β1 integrin heterozygous knockout (hKO) mice one month after MI. MI increased β1 integrin expression in both groups; however, the increase was lower in hKO. Infarct size was similar in WT and hKO mice, whereas lung wet weight to dry weight ratio was increased in the hKO-MI mice (5.17 (SE 0.13) v 4.60 (0.15) in WT-MI, p < 0.01). LV end systolic and end diastolic diameters were significantly higher and percentage fractional shortening was significantly lower in hKO-MI. The ratio of peak velocity of early LV filling (E wave) to that of the late LV filling (A wave) and the isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) were increased in both MI groups but the increase in IVRT was significantly higher in hKO-MI group than in WT-MI mice. Langendorff perfusion analysis indicated reduced peak LV developed pressure and increased LV end diastolic pressure in both MI groups. The reduction in peak LV developed pressure (30.7 (2.2) v 53.4 (1.9) mm Hg, p < 0.05) and increase in LV end diastolic pressure was higher in hKO-MI than in WT-MI. Increase in fibrosis was not different between the two MI groups. The increase in myocyte circumference was higher in the hKO-MI group (p < 0.001 v WT-MI). The number of apoptotic myocytes was significantly higher in hKO-MI than in WT-MI mice (p < 0.005) three days after MI. The number of necrotic myocytes was not different between the two MI groups. Conclusion: β1 integrins are crucial in post-MI remodelling with effects on LV function, hypertrophy and apoptosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine