Dectin-1 signaling inhibits osteoclastogenesis via IL-33-induced inhibition of NFATc1

Xiaoqing Zhu, Yinghua Zhao, Yuxue Jiang, Tianxue Qin, Jintong Chen, Xiao Chu, Qing Yi, Sujun Gao, Siqing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abnormal osteoclast activation contributes to osteolytic bone diseases (OBDs). It was reported that curdlan, an agonist of dectin-1, inhibits osteoclastogenesis. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. In this study, we found that curdlan potently inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and the resultant bone resorption. Curdlan inhibited the expression of nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), the key transcriptional factor for osteoclastogenesis. Notably, dectin-1 activation increased the expression of MafB, an inhibitor of NFATc1, and IL-33 in osteoclast precursors. Mechanistic studies revealed that IL-33 enhanced the expression of MafB in osteoclast precursors and inhibited osteoclast precursors to differentiate into mature osteoclasts. Furthermore, blocking ST2, the IL-33 receptor, partially abrogated curdlan-induced inhibition of NFATc1 expression and osteoclast differentiation. Thus, our study has provided new insights into the mechanisms of dectin-1-induced inhibition of osteoclastogenesis and may provide new targets for the therapy of OBDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53366-53374
Number of pages9
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 8 2017

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