Clearance of recruited immune cells is necessary to resolve inflammatory reactions. We show here that matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), as part of an interleukin 13 (IL-13)-dependent regulatory loop, dampens inflammation by promoting the egress of inflammatory cells into the airway lumen. MMP2-/- mice showed a robust asthma phenotype and increased susceptibility to asphyxiation induced by allergens. However, whereas the lack of MMP2 reduced the influx of cells into bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), numerous inflammatory cells accumulated in the lung parenchyma. BAL of MMP2-/- mice lacked normal chemotactic activity, whereas lung inflammatory cells from the same mice showed appropriate chemotactic responses. Thus, MMP2 establishes the chemotactic gradient required for egression of lung inflammatory cells and prevention of lethal asphyxiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy