Decoding three-dimensional hand kinematics from electroencephalographic signals

Trent J. Bradberry, Rodolphe J. Gentili, Jose L. Contreras Vidal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The capacity to decode kinematics of intended movement from neural activity is necessary for the development of neuromotor prostheses such as smart artificial arms. Thus far, most of the progress in the development of neuromotor prostheses has been achieved by decoding kinematics of the hand from intracranial neural activity. The comparatively low signal-to-noise ratio and spatial resolution of neural data acquired non-invasively from the scalp via electroencephalography (EEG) have been presumed to prohibit the extraction of detailed information about hand kinematics. Here, we challenge this presumption by attempting to continuously decoding hand position, velocity, and acceleration from 55-channel EEG signals acquired during three-dimensional center-out reaching from five subjects. To preserve ecological validity, reaches were self-initiated, and targets were self-selected. After cross-validation, the overall mean correlation coefficients between measured and reconstructed position, velocity, and acceleration were 0.2, 0.3, and 0.3 respectively. These modest results support the continued development of non-invasive neuromotor prostheses for movement-impaired individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5010-5013
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424432967
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Conference

Conference31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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