BACKGROUND: The number of pediatric deceased organ donors has recently declined, and the nonutilization of pediatric liver allografts has limited the development of liver transplantation. We determined the utilization rate of pediatric livers and identified risk factors for graft discard.
METHODS: We used data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients database from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2012. The trends of pediatric liver donors and utilization rates were analyzed. Donor risk factors that impacted the graft use of pediatric livers were measured. Logistic regression modelling was performed to evaluate graft utilization and risk factors.
RESULTS: A total of 11,934 eligible pediatric liver donors were identified during this period. A total of 1191 authorized liver grafts did not recover or recovered without transplantation. Factors including pediatric donors >1 year of age (odds ratio [OR] = 2.956, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.494-3.503, P < .001), nonhead trauma (OR = 2.243, 95% CI 1.903-2.642, P < .001), lack of heartbeat (OR = 7.534, 95% CI 5.899-9.623, P < .001), hepatitis B surface antigen positivity (OR = 4.588, 95% CI 1.021-20.625, P = .047), anti-hepatitis C virus positivity (OR = 4.691, 95% CI 1.352-16.280, P = .015), total bilirubin >1 mg/dL (OR = 1.743, 95% CI 1.469-2.068, P < .001), and blood urea nitrogen >21 mg/dL (OR = 1.941, 95% CI 1.546-2.436, P < .001) were significantly related to graft nonutilization. Steroids or diuretics administered prerecovery were significantly related to graft utilization (OR = 0.684, 95% CI 0.581-0.806, P < .001; OR = 0.744, 95% CI 0.634-0.874, P < .001; respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: The pediatric liver allograft utilization rate and risk factors for nonutilization of grafts were determined.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Dec 2020|
- Allografts/supply & distribution
- Child, Preschool
- Liver Transplantation
- Risk Factors
- Tissue Donors/supply & distribution
ASJC Scopus subject areas