Death following minor head trauma in two adult individuals with the Chiari I deformity

Dwayne A. Wolf, Sparks P. Veasey, Stephen K. Wilson, Jessie Adame, William E. Korndorffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reports of sudden death associated with minor head trauma in adults with the Chiari I malformation are rare. We describe two such cases, occurring in a 71-year-old individual and in a 22-year-old individual. In both cases, postmortem examination revealed prominent cerebellar tonsillar herniation and, in one, associated tonsillar sclerosis and hydrocephalus. Evidence of trauma was minimal in both, and was not sufficient to explain these fatalities. We describe the neuropathologic findings and discuss the differential diagnostic considerations in these cases of sudden death. The implications regarding manner of death are also emphasized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1241-1243
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1998

Keywords

  • Chiari I malformation
  • Forensic science
  • Minor head trauma
  • Sudden death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Law

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