Cytotoxic lymphokines produced by cloned human cytotoxic T lymphocytes. I. Cytotoxins produced by antigen-specific and natural killer-like CTL are dissimilar to classical lymphotoxins

L. M. Green, M. L. Stern, D. L. Haviland, B. J. Mills, C. F. Ware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several cloned lines of IL 2-dependent human T cells derived from alloantigen, mitogen, or IL 2-stimulated peripheral blood lymphocytes were examined for their surface marker expression, cytolytic activity in a 51Cr-release assay, and capacity to release cytotoxic lymphokines. Thirty cell lines exhibiting either antigen-specific natural killer cell activity or lectin-dependent killer cell function, which expressed either the CD4 or CD8 surface differentiation markers, were capable of producing cytotoxin(s) in response to the lectins phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A. Cytototoxin activity was detected on the murine L929 target cell in a 16-hr cytotoxicity assay. In contrast, several nonlytic T cell tumor lines failed to produce a soluble cytotoxin. Antibodies capable of neutralizing human α-lymphotoxin were completely ineffective in inhibiting the cytotoxin(s) produced by any of the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) cell lines. Comparative gel filtration and HPLC hydrophobic chromatography of α-lymphotoxin and CTL toxin produced by the CTL-830.B2 clone revealed significant differences on their elution profiles. The CTL-produced toxin and their elution profiles. The CTL-produced toxin and α-lymphotoxin exhibited similar kinetics of lysis of the L929 target cells, with 50% target cell lysis occurring at 10 hr. These data indicate human CTL produce a cytotoxin(s) antigenically distinct from α-lymphotoxin and imply that human cytolytic effector T cells are not the cellular source for the production of human α-lymphotoxin. The relationship of α-lymphotoxin and CTL toxin production was investigated in unseparated peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with lectins or IL 2 for 1 and 5 days. Anti-α-lymphotoxin antibodies were capable of neutralizing only 30 to 50% of the cytotoxic activity in 24-hr supernatants. Cytotoxic activity in supernatants harvested after 120 hr stimulation with PHA or Con A was neutralized 70 to 100%, whereas the toxin(s) released from IL 2-stimulated lymphocytes was only neutralized 30%. These data suggest the observed heterogeneity of cytotoxic lymphokines produced by unseparated mononuclear cells depends in part on the subpopulations of effector cells responding to a given stimulus and the capacity of different subpopulations to produce distinct cytotoxins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4034-4043
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume135
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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