in this review, we will detail the evolution of endovascular therapy as the basis for the development of catheter-based robotics. in parallel, we will outline the evolution of robotics in the surgical space and how the convergence of technology and the entrepreneurs who push this evolution have led to the development of endovascular robots. The current state-of-the-art and future directions and potential are summarized for the reader. information in this review has been drawn primarily from our personal clinical and preclinical experience in use of catheter robotics, coupled with some ground-breaking work reported from a few other major centers who have embraced the technology’s capabilities and opportunities. several case studies demonstrating the unique capabilities of a precisely controlled catheter are presented. Most of the preclinical work was performed in the advanced imaging and navigation laboratory. in this unique facility, the interface of advanced imaging techniques and robotic guidance is being explored. although this procedure employs a very high-tech approach to navigation inside the endovascular space, we have conveyed the kind of opportunities that this technology affords to integrate 3d imaging and 3d control. further, we present the opportunity of semi-autonomous motion of these devices to a target. for the interventionist, enhanced precision can be achieved in a nearly radiation-free environment.
- Robotic surgical procedures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine