Coronary flow reserve as an index of cardiac function in mice with cardiovascular abnormalities

Craig J. Hartley, Anilkumar K. Reddy, Lloyd H. Michael, Mark L. Entman, George Taffet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mice are now commonly used as models of human cardiovascular diseases and conditions, but it is challenging to measure blood flow velocity in small vessels such as coronary arteries. Accordingly, we have developed a method using a 2 mm diameter 20 MHz pulsed Doppler probe applied to the chest of anesthetized mice to measure left main coronary blood flow velocity noninvasively. We also found that coronary flow velocity could be increased from baseline (B) to hyperemic (H) levels by changing the concentration of isoflurane gas anesthesia from 1% to 2.5% in oxygen. We used the ratio B/H to estimate coronary flow reserve (CFR) in young, adult, and old mice and in mice with obesity, atherosclerosis, pressure overload hypertrophy, and coronary artery occlusion. We found that B/H increases with age from 2.4 (young) to 3.6 (old) and is decreased to as low as 1.1 by all forms of heart and vascular disease studied. We conclude that CFR can be measured noninvasively and serially in mice as their cardiovascular systems adapt and remodel to various imposed or natural conditions, and that coronary flow reserve may be a good index of overall cardiac function in mice and potentially in man.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEngineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1094-1097
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424432967
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: Sep 2 2009Sep 6 2009

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009

Conference

Conference31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period9/2/099/6/09

Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Cardiovascular physiology
  • Coronary circulation
  • Doppler ultrasound
  • Hyperemia
  • Noninvasive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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