Coronary Atherosclerosis Across the Glycemic Spectrum among Asymptomatic Adults: The Miami Heart Study at Baptist Health South Florida

Kershaw V. Patel, Matthew J. Budoff, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Shubham Lahan, Shozab S. Ali, Mohamad B. Taha, Michael J. Blaha, Ron Blankstein, Michael D. Shapiro, Ambarish Pandey, Lara Arias, Theodore Feldman, Ricardo C. Cury, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Svati H. Shah, Jack A. Ziffer, Jonathan Fialkow, Khurram Nasir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The contemporary burden and characteristics of coronary atherosclerosis, assessed using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), is unknown among asymptomatic adults with diabetes and prediabetes in the United States. The pooled cohort equations and coronary artery calcium (CAC) score stratify atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk, but their association with CCTA findings across glycemic categories is not well established. METHODS: Asymptomatic adults without atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease enrolled in the Miami Heart Study were included. Participants underwent CAC and CCTA testing and were classified into glycemic categories. Prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis (any plaque, noncalcified plaque, plaque with ≥1 high-risk feature, maximal stenosis ≥50%) assessed by CCTA was described across glycemic categories and further stratified by pooled cohort equations-estimated atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk and CAC score. Adjusted logistic regression was used to evaluate the associations between glycemic categories and coronary outcomes. RESULTS: Among 2352 participants (49.5% women), the prevalence of euglycemia, prediabetes, and diabetes was 63%, 30%, and 7%, respectively. Coronary plaque was more commonly present across worsening glycemic categories (euglycemia, 43%; prediabetes, 58%; diabetes, 69%), and similar pattern was observed for other coronary outcomes. In adjusted analyses, compared with euglycemia, prediabetes and diabetes were each associated with higher odds of any coronary plaque (OR, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.05-1.60] and 1.75 [1.17-2.61], respectively), noncalcified plaque (OR, 1.47 [1.19-1.81] and 1.99 [1.38-2.87], respectively), and plaque with ≥1 high-risk feature (OR, 1.65 [1.14-2.39] and 2.53 [1.48-4.33], respectively). Diabetes was associated with stenosis ≥50% (OR, 3.01 [1.79-5.08]; reference=euglycemia). Among participants with diabetes and estimated atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk <5%, 46% had coronary plaque and 10% had stenosis ≥50%. Among participants with diabetes and CAC=0, 30% had coronary plaque and 3% had stenosis ≥50%. CONCLUSIONS: Among asymptomatic adults, worse glycemic status is associated with higher prevalence and extent of coronary atherosclerosis, high-risk plaque, and stenosis. In diabetes, CAC was more closely associated with CCTA findings and informative in a larger population than the pooled cohort equations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E015314
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • atherosclerosis
  • diabetes
  • glucose
  • prediabetic state
  • prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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