Contrasting Effects on Plasma Lipoproteins of Intravenous Versus Oral Administration of a Triglyceride‐Phospholipid Emulsion

G. R. Thompson, R. Segura, H. Hoff, Antonio Gotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of fat on plasma lipoproteins was compared when administered by the oral and intravenous routes to healthy control subjects on a low fat diet for 5-6 weeks. During this time each subject underwent two 5 day periods of fat supplementation with a soya bean triglyceride egg yolk phospholipid emulsion (Intralipid), once via intragastric tube, once intravenously. Changes in plasma lipoproteins were assessed by measurement of their lipid and protein content. Intragastric fat administration significantly decreased the level of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), whereas intravenous fat administration caused a significant rise in low density lipoprotein (LDL). Morphological evidence of persistence of exogenous phospholipid in plasma following intravenous fat administration was confirmed by alterations in the fatty acid composition of lecithin in the d 1.006-1.063 fraction of plasma. In vitro studies showed that exchange readily occurred between Intralipid and LDL lecithin, causing the latter to assume a more saturated pattern. It is concluded that the occurrence of similar changes in vivo could explain the rise in low density lipoprotein following intravenous fat, possibly by influencing the catabolic rate of the apoprotein. Hydrolysis of ingested phospholipids during absorption presumably explains why none of these changes occurred after oral fat supplementation, and would seem to be an important regulatory function of the small intestine in relation to plasma lipoprotein metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975

Keywords

  • Intralipid
  • Lipoproteins
  • exchange
  • intravenous
  • oral
  • phospholipid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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